The History of NSWSPC (Col Cooksey)


Colin Cooksey

This history of the NSW Secondary Principals’ Council was prepared by Colin Cooksey. He first joined the SPC Management Committee in 1982, was Council Research Officer 1983-1984, on the Executive from 1991-1997 and Professional Officer from 1998-2002.

The information contained in these documents was taken from Council records including Executive Minutes, Occasional Papers presented to Council, Conference Reports of proceedings and other relevant Council and Department of Education documents. Summaries of some significant documents are included.

He was assisted in this research and its compilation by Lyn Wendtman, Foundation Principal of Cherrybrook Technology High School and member of the SPC Executive from 1996 to 2002. Brian Ralph, the coordinator of the NSWSPC Retired Principals’ Network and NSWSPC Principal Futures Website acted as a critical friend to the project.

Origins of the NSWSPC 1954-1977 (Brian Ralph) provides an overview of the development of multiple Principals’ Councils from 1954 onwards, prior to their agreement in 1976 to establish the New South Wales Council of High School Principals as the over-arching body representing principals across the state. The Council changed its name to the NSW Secondary Principals Council (SPC) in 1989.

The new Director-General Mr Doug Swan approved the establishment of a state-wide Council on a trial basis for 1977 and the review of Council operations in 1980 concluded “That in order to bring about the continuous improvement of Secondary and Primary education, the collective wisdom of Principals should be used as an educational resource to assist the Administration in the formulation of policy and plans, whether operating as a Regional or State Council or by supplying representatives for Regional and State Committees”.

1977 to 1981

1977 – The Beginning
Key issues in 1977: Developing the Constitution and determining procedures; The impact of rapid change on schools.

1978 – A Year of Consolidation
Key issues in 1978: Establishing an Education Commission and its impact on DoE operations; The Teachers’ Federation release of the Democracy in Schools paper, designed to reduce the principal’s authority.

1979 – External Threats
Key issues in 1979: Government decision making, despite advice from DoE and principals; The ‘extras’ campaign

1980 – Coming of Age
Key issues in 1980: Transition Education – using Commonwealth funding; Industrial disputes.
The PDF includes extracts from the Report to the Director-General on Principals Councils in NSW

1981 – The Impact of Powerful New Bodies
Key issues in 1981: The McGowan Report; Behaviour/discipline; The Education Commission, with community and Federation representatives, as the employing body and primary provider of advice to Government.
The PDF includes extracts from the Report from the Select Committee of the Legislative Assembly upon the School Certificate

1982 to 1986

1982 – The Impact of Societal Change
Key issues in 1982: EEO and changes to transfers/promotions; HSC course review. Unsupervised classes.

1983 – Future Directions
Key issues in 1983: The Swan/McKinnon Report; Curriculum restructuring; Staffing.

1984 – Evolution not Revolution
Key issues in 1984: The Participation and Equity Program; Role of the Principal; A new staffing formula.
The PDF includes extracts from Executive Restructuring in New South Wales High Schools

1985 – The Educational Needs of Young People
Key issues in 1985: HSC Assessment; Teacher efficiency; New DG Bob Winder and moves to solve the ‘extras’ issue.
The PDF includes extracts from What do adolescents want from school? and Comments on the draft Pupil Welfare Policy

1986 – Growing Expectations of Schooling
Key issues in 1986: Impact of the new DG Bob Winder and ADG Brian Gillett; Selection of principals; Executive restructuring; Disruptive students; Ancillary staffing.
The PDF includes Key points from Dr Ken McKinnon’s speech at the 1986 Annual Conference

1987 to 1990

1987 – Powerful Legislative Changes
Key issues in 1987: The new ‘Education and Public Instruction Act’ gave the Minister increased powers and recognised the Council for the first time; Creation of a new Study Board and Certificate of Secondary Education; More women in promotion positions; The State Opposition targets public schools leading into the 1988 election.
The PDF includes the Draft policy on the provision of in-school relief.

1988 – Tumultuous Times
Key issues in 1988: A change of government with Dr T. Metherell as Minister; Two major education reviews and a curriculum white paper; The new DG Fenton Sharpe warns Council not to make public statements; A $120m funding cut leading to ‘a day of action’ attracting 80,000 people; Disputes over elective choices and ‘Meadowbanks’.
The PDF includes: The Metherell Years – A timeline of events; Policies, reviews and actions leading to ‘The Education Reform Act (1990); Submission from Council to the Scott Management Review; Submission to the Carrick Review on ‘Improving the Quality of Education in NSW Schools’.

1989 – Confronting Change
Key issues in 1989: Schools renewal; Excellence and equity in schools; The ‘extras’ issue; Greater diversity between schools; The concept of the self-managed school.
The PDF includes: The Scott management review of the NSW education system; The Scott Review – Implications for principals; The Carrick Report – Summary of conclusions and recommendations’; Council’s responses to the NSW Government’s curriculum reform discussion paper; ‘The role of the Principal in significant educational change’.

1990 – Devolution with Tighter Controls
Key issues in 1990: The Education Reform Act; Major changes in the selection of Principals; Teacher morale; The new Minister and her extra $40m to settle the salaries dispute; Marketing the local school; Working with the new ‘Cluster Directors’.
The PDF includes: Key features of the ‘Education Reform Act 1990’; Teacher morale in secondary schools; Extracts from SPC President Mary Armstrong’s report; The Quality Teaching Project.